- Kathryn C. Fitzgerald, ScD, Tuula Tyry, PhD, Amber Salter, PhD, Stacey S. Cofield, PhD, Gary Cutter, PhD, Robert Fox, MD, and Ruth Ann Marrie, MD, PhD. Diet quality is associated with disability and symptom severity in multiple sclerosis. Neurology® 2018;90:e1-11. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000004768
«Results Of the 7,639 (68%) responders, 6,989 reported physician-diagnosed MS and provided dietary information. Participants with diet quality scores in the highest quintile had lower levels of disability (PDDS; proportional odds ratio [OR] for Q5 vs Q1 0.80; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.69–0.93) and lower depression scores (proportional OR for Q5 vs Q1 0.82; 95% CI 0.70–0.97). Individuals reporting a composite healthy lifestyle had lower odds of reporting severe fatigue (0.69; 95% CI 0.59–0.81), depression (0.53; 95% CI 0.43–0.66), pain (0.56; 95% CI 0.48–0.67), or cognitive impairment (0.67; 95% CI 0.55–0.79).
Conclusions Our large cross-sectional survey suggests a healthy diet and a composite healthy lifestyle are associated with lesser disability and symptom burden in MS.»
- Barnard ND, Bush AI, Ceccarelli A, Cooper J, de Jager CA, Erickson KI, Fraser G, Kesler S, Levin SM, Lucey B, Morris MC, Squitti R. Dietary and lifestyle
guidelines for the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Sep;35 Suppl 2:S74-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.03.033. Epub 2014 May
14. Review. PubMed PMID: 24913896.
- Luciana Baroni, Cristina Zuliani. Ensuring good nutritional status in patients with Parkinson’s disease: challenges and solutions. Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome 2014:4 77–90.
- Jiang X, Huang J, Song D, Deng R, Wei J and Zhang Z (2017). Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is related to a reduced risk of cognitive impairment and dementia: meta-analysis. Front. Aging Neurosci. 9:18.
«Conclusion: The increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of cognitive impairment and dementia.