Plantebasert kosthold forebygging og ved behandling av diabetes type to,

Sjekk kildene: Plantebasert kosthold som forebygging og behandling av diabetes type to

Flere studier viser at et mer plantebasert kosthold er gunstig både som forebygging og ved behandling av dabetes type to. Flere faktorer, stoffer og mekanismer ser ut til å spille en rolle her, noe som både har sammenheng med lavere inntak av matvarer fra dyreriket og høyere inntak av matvarer som bl.a. belgvekster, fullkorn og grønnsaker. Begrensning av animalske produkter i kosten og større andel av grønnsaker, belgvekster, frukt, fullkorn og nøtter kan forebygge livsstilssykdommer.
En ny litteraturgjennomgang utført av The Canadian Diabetes Association publisert i oktober 2016 i tidsskriftet Canadian Journal of Diabetes, viser at et plantebasert kosthold er forbundet med en lavere forekomst av DM2 sammenlignet med andre kostholdstyper. Forskerne av studien konkluderte med at plantebasert kosthold kan være en god støttebehandling ved DM2, og at behandlere bør opplyse om dette til sine pasienter.

«Within this review is support from large observational studies, which have shown that PBDs were associated with lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes. As well, intervention studies have shown that PBDs were just as effective, if not more effective, than other diabetes diets in improving body weight, cardiovascular risk factors, insulin sensitivity, glycated hemoglobin levels, oxidative stress markers and renovascular markers.»

«The development of more standardized and user-friendly PBD practice guidelines could overcome the disparity in recommendations and, thereby, increase how frequently practitioners recommend PBDs. Based on current published research, PBDs lend support in the management of type 2 diabetes.»

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, verdens største organisasjon for fagpersoner innen ernæring, konkluderte nylig med at vegetariske og veganske kostholdsmønstre minsker risiko for utvikling av DM2 og er et effektivt virkemiddel som støttebehandling for DM2.

Last ned vår nye oppsummering som pdf-fil her

«Vegetarian diets (vegan, lacto ovo, semi-) were associated with a substantial and independent reduction in diabetes incidence.»

Kilde: S. Tonstad, K. Stewart, K. Oda, M. Batech, R.P. Herring, G.E. Fraser: Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health Study-2. Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases. Volume 23, Issue 4 , Pages 292-299, April 2013.

Animalske matvarer og diabetes

Vegetarisk kosthold og diabetes

  • Deriemaeker P, Alewaeters K, Hebbelinck M, et al. Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians: a matched samples study. Nutrients. 2010;7(2):770-80.
  • Craig WC. Nutrition concerns and health effects of vegetarian diets. Nutr Clin Pract. 2010;25:613.
  • Farmer B, Larson BT, Fulgoni VL, et al. A vegetarian dietary pattern as a nutrient-dense approach to weight management: an analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. J Am Diet Assoc. 2011;111:819-27.
  • Kim MK, Cho SW, Park YK. Long-term vegetarians have low oxidative stress, body fat, and cholesterol levels. Nutr Res Pract. 2012;6(2):155-61.
  • Rizzo NS, Sabaté J, Jaceldo-Siegl K, et al. Vegetarian dietary patterns are associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome: the adventist health study 2. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(5):1225-7.
  • Tonstad S, Stewart K, Oda K, Batech M, Herring RP, Fraser GE. Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health Study-2. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. 2011.
  • Kahleova H, Matoulek M, Malinska H, Oliyarnik O, Kazdova L, Neskudla T, et al. Vegetarian diet improves insulin resistance and oxidative stress markers more than conventional diet in subjects with Type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2011;28:549–59.
  • Trapp CB, Barnard ND. Usefulness of vegetarian and vegan diets for treating type 2 diabetes. Curr Diab Rep. 2010;10:152–8.
  • Fraser GE. Vegetarian diets: What do we know of their effects on common chronic diseases? Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(5):1607S-12S.
  • Barnard ND, Cohen J, Jenkins DJA, Turner-McGrievy G, Gloede L, Green A, et al. A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 May;89(5):1588S–1596S.
  • Barnard ND, Cohen J, Jenkins DJ, Turner-McGrievy G, Gloede L, Green A, Ferdowsian H: A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2009, 89(5):1588S-1596S;
  • Tonstad S, Butler T, Yan R, Fraser GE. Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009;32:791–6.
  • Aune, D., Ursin, G., og Veierod, M. B. Meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Diabetologia. 2009 Nov;52(11):2277-87. doi: 10.1007/s00125-009-1481-x. Epub 2009 Aug 7
  • Key TJ, Appleby PN, Rosell MS. Health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets. Proc Nutr Soc. 2006;65:35-41.
  • Szeto YT, Kwok TCY, Benzie IFF. Effects of a long-term vegetarian diet on biomarkers of antioxidant status and cardiovascular disease risk. Nutrition. 2004;20:863–6.
  • S. Tonstad, K. Stewart, K. Oda, M. Batech, R.P. Herring, G.E. Fraser: Vegetarian diets and incidence of diabetes in the Adventist Health Study-2. Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases. Volume 23, Issue 4 , Pages 292-299, April 2013